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Parts of Speech

English has nouns, verbs, adjectives and many other parts of speech.

Read the following examples:

Nouns

Nouns come after adjectives, and after a, an or the.

Examples

pen
idea
chance

Sentences

The pen is on the table.
I have a good idea.
I will go there now while I still have a chance.

Verbs

Verbs come after subjects.

Examples

live

Sentences

I live in Seattle. Where do you live?

Adjectives

Adjectives come before nouns or after is, am, are, was, or were.

Examples

late
good

Sentences

I was late because the traffic was heavy.
I have a good idea.

Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner come after verbs.

Examples

quickly

Sentences

I cannot understand him when he speaks quickly.

Articles

Articles come before nouns.

Examples

a, an, OR the

Sentences

I went to look at a car. I decided to buy the car.

Prepositions

Prepositions come before nouns.

Examples

of, from, in, at, to, on,
and others

Sentences

I am from the United States.
The class meets at 2:00 p.m.

Conjunctions

These four conjunctions usually come in between other words.

Examples

and, but, or, so,
and many others

Sentences

My friend and I went to the store.
We went to the store and bought some apples.
We bought some apples and bananas.

Word Endings

These endings are for longer words. For short words, they are not important.

Common Verb Endings

-ate
-en
-ify

Examples

graduate, evaluate
strengthen, flatten
beautify, identify

Common Adjective Endings

-able
-ible
-al
-ive
-ous

Examples

comfortable, available
possible, incredible
professional, beneficial
creative, competitive

enormous, humorous

Common endings for a Person who does something

-er
-or
-ist
-ian

Examples

writer, teacher
doctor, actor
artist, scientist
musician, comedian

Common Endings for Other Nouns

-ence
-ity
-sion
-tion

Examples

confidence, difference
ability, possibility
conclusion, discussion
distraction,operation

Note:  For all short words, such as late, live, pen, men, give, table, list and fence, these rules are not important.

They are only important for longer words (and there are exceptions to the rules). To test yourself on this information, take the following quiz: